User Function USF_LateralFriction

General Informations

  • USF Fortran File: USF_LateralFriction.f90
  • USF Name: LateralFriction_x and LateralFriction_y
  • Required Input Variable(s): A Flow solution in FlowSolverName

General Description

This user function return the modified gravity force -g + K * |u|^(m-1) u
where K is the a lateral friction coefficient and m the lateral friction exponent, as in Gagliardini et al. (2010). When m=0, this is equivalent to the shape factor (no dependency to the velocity). How to evaluate the lateral friction coefficient K as a function of the glacier width W is given in the supplementary material of Gagliardini et al. (2010). Noting that K as defined here is equal to K/rho_i in the paper, it comes K = (n+1)^(1/n) / [rho_i W^(1+1/n) (2A)^(1/n)] and m=1/n (A and n are Glen's law parameter and exponent, respectively).

This solver works only in 2D (no sense in 3D). It works for non-structured mesh.

SIF contents

The required keywords in the SIF file for these user functions are:

$yearinsec = 365.25*24*60*60
$rhoi = 900.0/(1.0e6*yearinsec^2)
$gravity = 9.81*yearinsec^2
$Afactor = 80.0
$n = 3.0
$etai = 1.0/(2*Afactor)^(1.0/n)
$W = 10.0e3
$Kspring = etai* (n+1)^(1/n) / (rhoi * W^(1+(1/n)))

Body Force 1
  Flow BodyForce 1 = Variable Coordinate 1
     Real Procedure "ElmerIceUSF" "LateralFriction_x"
  Flow BodyForce 2 = Variable Coordinate 1
     Real Procedure "ElmerIceUSF" "LateralFriction_y"

  Lateral Friction Gravity 1 = Real 0.0    
  Lateral Friction Gravity 2 = Real $-gravity
  Lateral Friction Coefficient = Real $Kspring
  Lateral Friction Exponent = Real $1.0/n
  Flow Solver Name = String Flow Solution


An example using the user function USF_LateralFriction can be found in [ELMER_TRUNK]/elmerice/Tests/LateralFriction.


When used this solver can be cited using the following references:
Gagliardini O., G. Durand, T. Zwinger, R. Hindmarsh and E. Le Meur, 2010. Coupling of ice-shelf melting and buttressing is a key process in ice-sheets dynamics, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L14501, doi:10.1029/2010GL043334.

userfunctions/lateralfriction.txt · Last modified: 2014/10/29 13:02 by gag
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