Elmer/Ice Peer Reviewed Publications

Written by Olivier Gagliardini.

Here is the list of peer-reviewed papers presenting developments or applications using Elmer/Ice. A list for the other publications (mainly Phd thesis) can be found on the Elmer/Ice wiki. Currently we are counting 78 articles since 2004.


Gladstone, R.M., R.C. Warner, B.K. Galton-Fenzi, O. Gagliardini, T. Zwinger and R. Greve, 2017. Marine ice sheet model performance depends on basal sliding physics and sub-shelf melting, The Cryosphere, 11, 319-329, doi:10.5194/tc-11-319-2017.

Zhang, T., S. Price, L. Ju, W. Leng, J. Brondex, G. Durand and O. Gagliardini, 2017. A comparison of two Stokes ice sheet models applied to the Marine Ice Sheet Model Intercomparison Project for plan view models (MISMIP3d), The Cryosphere, 11, 179-190, doi:10.5194/tc-11-179-2017.


Gong, Y., T. Zwinger, S. Cornford, R. Gladstone, M. Schäfer, and J.C. Moore, 2016. Importance of basal boundary conditions in transient simulations: case study of a surging marine-terminating glacier on Austfonna, Svalbard, Journal of Glaciology, pp. 1–12, doi:10.1017/jog.2016.121.

Gillet-Chaulet, F., G. Durand, O. Gagliardini, C. Mosbeux, J. Mouginot, F. Rémy, and C. Ritz, 2016. Assimilation of surface velocities acquired between 1996 and 2010 to constrain the form of the basal friction law under Pine Island Glacier, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, doi:10.1002/2016GL069937.

Gilbert, A., G. E. Flowers, G. H. Miller, B. T. Rabus, W. Van Wychen, A. S. Gardner, and L. Copland, 2016. Sensitivity of Barnes Ice Cap, Baffin Island, Canada, to climate state and internal dynamics, J. Geophys. Res. Earth Surf., 121(8), 1516–1539, doi:10.1002/2016JF003839.

Mosbeux, C., F. Gillet-Chaulet and O. Gagliardini, 2016. Comparison of adjoint and nudging methods to initialise ice sheet model basal conditions, Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 2549-2562, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-2549-2016.

Passalacqua O., O. Gagliardini, F. Parrenin, J. Todd, F. Gillet-Chaulet and C. Ritz, 2016. Performance and applicability of a 2.5-D ice-flow model in the vicinity of a dome, Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 2301-2313, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-2301-2016.

Fürst, J. J., G. Durand, F. Gillet-Chaulet, L. Tavard, M. Rankl, M. Braun and O. Gagliardini, 2016. The safety band of Antarctic ice shelves, Nature Climate Change, doi:10.1038/NCLIMATE2912.

Gagliardini O., J. Brondex, F. Gillet-Chaulet, L. Tavard, V. Peyaud and G. Durand, 2016. Brief communication: Impact of mesh resolution for MISMIP and MISMIP3d experiments using Elmer/Ice, The Cryosphere, 10, 307-312, doi:10.5194/tc-10-307-2016.

Shapero, D.R., I.R. Joughin, K. Poinar, M. Morlighem and F. Gillet-Chaulet, 2016. Basal Resistance for Three of the Largest Greenland Outlet Glaciers, J. Geophys. Res. Earth Surf., 121, doi:10.1002/2015JF003643.

Brædstrup, C. F., D. L. Egholm, S. V. Ugelvig and V. K. Pedersen, 2016. Basal shear stress under alpine glaciers: insights from experiments using the iSOSIA and Elmer/Ice models, Earth Surf. Dynam., 4, 159-174, doi:10.5194/esurf-4-159-2016.

Ahlkrona, J., P. Lötstedt, N. Kirchner, and T. Zwinger, 2016. Dynamically coupling the non-linear Stokes equations with the shallow ice approximation in glaciology: Description and first applications of the ISCAL method. J. Comp. Phys., 308, 1-19, doi:10.1016/


Schäfer M., M. Möller, T. Zwinger and J.C. Moore, 2015. Dynamic modelling of future glacier changes: mass-balance/elevation feedback in projections for the Vestfonna ice cap, Nordaustlandet, Svalbard. Journal of Glaciology, 61, 1121-1136, doi:10.3189/2015JoG14J184.

Haseloff M., C. Schoof and O. Gagliardini, 2015. A boundary layer model for ice stream margins. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 781, 353-387 doi:10.1017/jfm.2015.503.

Gilbert A., C. Vincent, O. Gagliardini, J. Krug and E. Berthier, 2015. Assessment of thermal change in cold avalanching glaciers in relation to climate warming, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, doi:10.1002/2015GL064838.

Fürst J. J., G. Durand, F. Gillet-Chaulet, N. Merino, L. Tavard, J. Mouginot, N. Gourmelen and O. Gagliardini, 2015. Assimilation of Antarctic velocity observations provides evidence for uncharted pinning points, The Cryosphere, 9, 1427-1443, doi:10.5194/tc-9-1427-2015.

Zwinger T., T. Malm,  M. Schäfer, R. Stenberg, and J.C. Moore, 2015. Numerical simulations and observations of the role of katabatic winds in the creation and maintenance of Scharffenbergbotnen blue ice area, Antarctica, The Cryosphere, 9, 1415-1426, doi:10.5194/tc-9-1415-2015.

Drews R., 2015. Evolution of ice-shelf channels in Antarctic ice shelves, The Cryosphere, 9, 1169-1181, doi:10.5194/tc-9-1169-2015.

Krug, J., G. Durand, O. Gagliardini and J. Weiss, 2015. Modelling the impact of submarine frontal melting and ice mélange on glacier dynamics, The Cryosphere, 9, 989-1003, doi:10.5194/tc-9-989-2015. 

Réveillet M., A. Rabatel, F. Gillet-Chaulet and A. Soruco, 2015. Simulations of changes to Glaciar Zongo, Bolivia (16°S), over the 21st century using a 3-D full-Stokes model and CMIP5 climate projections, Annals of Glaciol., 56(70), p. 89-97, doi:10.3189/2015AoG70A113

Drews, R, K. Matsuoka, C. Martín, D. Callens, N. Bergeot and F. Pattyn, 2015. Evolution of Derwael Ice Rise in Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica, over the last millennia, Journal of Geophys. Res. Earth Surf., doi:10.1002/2014JF003246


Åström, J.A., D. Vallot, M. Schäfer, E.Z. Welty, S. O’Neel, T.C. Bartholomaus,Yan Liu, T.I. Riikilä, T. Zwinger, J. Timonen, and J.C. Moore, 2014. Termini of calving glaciers as self-organized critical systems, Nature Geoscience, 7, 874-878, doi:10.1038/ngeo2290 [link to paper]

Todd, J., and P. Christophersen, 2014. Are seasonal calving dynamics forced by buttressing from ice mélange or undercutting by melting? Outcomes from full-Stokes simulations of Store Glacier, West Greenland , The Cryosphere, 8, 2353-2365, doi:10.5194/tc-8-2353-2014.

Krug, J., J. Weiss, O. Gagliardini and G. Durand, 2014. Combining damage and fracture mechanics to model calving, The Cryosphere, 8, 2101-2117, doi:10.5194/tc-8-2101-2014.

Schäfer, M., F. Gillet-Chaulet, R. Gladstone, R.A. Pettersson, V. Pohjola, T. Strozzi and T. Zwinger, 2014. Assessment of heat sources on the control of fast flow of Vestfonna ice cap, Svalbard, The Cryosphere, 8, 1951-1973, doi:10.5194/tc-8-1951-2014.

Gilbert, A., O. Gagliardini, C. Vincent, and P. Wagnon, 2014. A 3-D thermal regime model suitable for cold accumulation zones of polythermal mountain glaciers, J. Geophys. Res. Earth Surf., 119, doi:10.1002/2014JF003199.

Gladstone, R., M. Schäfer, T. Zwinger, Y. Gong, T. Strozzi, R. Mottram, F. Boberg, and J.C. Moore, 2014. Importance of basal processes in simulations of a surging Svalbard outlet glacier, The Cryosphere, 8, 1393-1405, doi:10.5194/tc-8-1393-2014.

Sun, B., Moore, J. C., Zwinger, T., Zhao, L., Steinhage, D., Tang, X., Zhang, D., Cui, X., and Martín, C., 2014. How old is the ice beneath Dome A, Antarctica?, The Cryosphere, 8, 1121-1128, doi:10.5194/tc-8-1121-2014.

Cook, S., I.C. Rutt, T. Murray, A. Luckman, T. Zwinger, N. Selmes, A. Goldsack, and T.D. James, 2014. Modelling environmental influences on calving at Helheim Glacier in eastern Greenland, The Cryosphere, 8, 827-841, doi:10.5194/tc-8-827-2014.

Zwinger, T., M. Schäfer, C. Martín, and J.C. Moore, 2014. Influence of anisotropy on velocity and age distribution at Scharffenbergbotnen blue ice area, The Cryosphere, 8, 607-621, doi:10.5194/tc-8-607-2014.

Sato, T., T. Shiraiwa, R. Greve, H. Seddik, E. Edelmann and T. Zwinger, 2014. Accumulation reconstruction and water isotope analysis for 1736–1997 of an ice core from the Ushkovsky volcano, Kamchatka, and their relationships to North Pacific climate records, Clim. Past, 10, 393-404, doi:10.5194/cp-10-393-2014.

Edwards, T. L., X. Fettweis, O. Gagliardini, F. Gillet-Chaulet, H. Goelzer, J.M. Gregory, M. Hoffman, P. Huybrechts, A.J. Payne, M. Perego, S. Price, A. Quiquet and C. Ritz, 2013. Effect of uncertainty in surface mass balance–elevation feedback on projections of the future sea level contribution of the Greenland ice sheet, The Cryosphere, 8, 195-208, doi:10.5194/tc-8-195-2014.

de Fleurian, B., O. Gagliardini, T. Zwinger, G. Durand, E. Le Meur, D. Mair, and P. Råback, 2014. A double continuum hydrological model for glacier applications, The Cryosphere, 8, 137-153, doi:10.5194/tc-8-137-2014.

Favier, L., G. Durand, S. L. Cornford, G. H. Gudmundsson, O. Gagliardini, F. Giller-Chaulet, T. Zwinger, A. J. Payne and A. M. Le Brocq, 2014. Retreat of Pine Island Glacier controlled by marine ice-sheet instability, Nature Climate Change, doi:10.1038/nclimate2094.

Martín, C., G.H. Gudmundsson and E.C. King 2014. Modelling of Kealey Ice Rise, Antarctica, reveals stable ice-flow conditions in East Ellsworth Land over millennia, J. Glaciol., 60, 139-146, doi:10.3189/2014JoG13J089

Zhao, L., L. Tian, T. Zwinger, R. Ding, J. Zong, Q. Ye, and J.C. Moore, 2014. Numerical simulations of Gurenhekou Glacier on the Tibetan Plateau, J. Glaciol., 60, 71-82, doi:10.3189/2014JoG13J126.


Ahlkrona, J., N. Kirchner, and P. Lötstedt, 2013. Accuracy of the zeroth- and second-order shallow-ice approximation – numerical and theoretical results, Geosci. Model Dev., 6, 2135-2152, doi:10.5194/gmd-6-2135-2013.

Ahlkrona, J., N. Kirchner, and P. Lötstedt, 2013. A Numerical Study of Scaling Relations for Non-Newtonian Thin-film Flows with Applications in Ice Sheet Modelling, Quarterly Journal Of Mechanics And Applied Mathematics, 66(4), 417-435, doi:10.1093/qjmam/hbt009. [link to paper]

Pattyn, F, L. Perichon, G. Durand, L. Favier, O. Gagliardini, R. C. A. Hindmarsh, T. Zwinger, T. Albrecht, S. Cornford, D. Docquier, J. J. Fürst, D. Golberg, G. H. Gudmundsson, A. Humbert, M. Hütten, P. Huybrechts, G. Jouvet, T. Kleiner, E. Larour, D. Martin, M. Morlighem, A. J. Payne, D. Pollard, M. Rückamp, O. Rybak, H. Seroussi, M. Thoma and N. Wilkens, 2013. Grounding-line migration in plan-view marine ice-sheet models: results of the ice2sea MISMIP3d intercomparison, J. Glaciol., 59, doi:10.3189/2013JoG12J129.

Adhikari, S. and S. Marshall, 2013. Influence of high-order mechanics on simulation of glacier response to climate change: insights from Haig Glacier, Canadian Rocky Mountains, Cryosphere, 7, 1527-1541, doi:10.5194/tc-7-1527-2013.

Åström, J.A., T. I. Riikilä , T. Tallinen, T. Zwinger, D. Benn, J. C. Moore, and J. Timonen, 2013. A particle based simulation model for glacier dynamics, The Cryosphere, 7, 1591-1602, 2013, doi:10.5194/tc-7-1591-2013 (uses Elmer/Ice as benchmark)

Nowicki, S., R. A. Bindschadler, A. Abe-Ouchi, A. Aschwanden, E. Bueler, H. Choi, J. Fastook, G. Granzow, R. Greve, G. Gutowski, U. C. Herzfeld, C. Jackson, J. Johnson, C. Khroulev, E. Larour, A. Levermann, W. H. Lipscomb, M. A. Martin, M. Morlighem, B. R. Parizek, D. Pollard, S. F. Price, D. Ren, E. Rignot, F. Saito, T. Sato, H. Seddik, H. Seroussi, K. Takahashi, R. Walker and W. L. Wang, 2013. Insights into spatial sensitivities of ice mass response to environmental change from the SeaRISE ice sheet modeling project II: Greenland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface 118 (2), 1025-1044, doi:10.1002/jgrf.20076. [link to paper]

Gagliardini, O., T. Zwinger, F. Gillet-Chaulet, G. Durand, L. Favier, B. de Fleurian, R. Greve, M. Malinen, C. Martín, P. Råback, J. Ruokolainen, M. Sacchettini, M. Schäfer, H. Seddik, and J. Thies, 2013. Capabilities and performance of Elmer/Ice, a new-generation ice sheet model, Geosci. Model Dev., 6, 1299-1318, doi:10.5194/gmd-6-1299-2013.

Shannon, S. R., A. J. Payne, I. D. Bartholomew, M. R. van den Broeke, T. L. Edwards, X. Fettweis, O. Gagliardini, F. Gillet-Chaulet, H. Goelzer, M. J. Hoffman, P. Huybrechts, D. W. F. Mair, P. W. Nienow, M. Perego, S. F. Price, C. J. P. Paul Smeets, A. J. Sole, R. S. W. van de Wal, and T. Zwinger, 2013. Enhanced basal lubrication and the contribution of the Greenland ice sheet to future sea-level rise, PNAS, 110(35), 14156--14161, doi:10.1073/pnas.1212647110.

Bindschadler, R. A., S. Nowicki, A. Abe-Ouchi, A. Aschwanden, H. Choi, J. Fastook, G. Granzow, R. Greve, G. Gutowski, U. C. Herzfeld, C. Jackson, J. Johnson, C. Khroulev, A. Levermann, W. H. Lipscomb, M. A. Martin, M. Morlighem, B. R. Parizek, D. Pollard, S. F. Price, D. Ren, F. Saito, T. Sato, H. Seddik, H. Seroussi, K. Takahashi, R. Walker and W. L. Wang, 2013. Ice-sheet model sensitivities to environmental forcing and their use in projecting future sea level (the SeaRISE project), Journal of Glaciology, Vol. 59(214), p. 195-224, doi:10.3189/2013JoG12J125. [link to paper]

Drews, R., D. Steinhage, C. Martín and O. Eisen, 2013. Characterization of glaciological conditions at Halvfarryggen ice dome, Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica, Journal of Glaciology, 59(213), 2013, doi:10.3189/2013JoG12J134.

Drouet, A. S., D. Docquier, G. Durand, R. Hindmarsh, F. Pattyn, O. Gagliardini,  and T. Zwinger, 2013. Grounding line transient response in marine ice sheet models, The Cryosphere, 7, 395-406, doi:10.5194/tc-7-395-2013. [link to paper]


Gillet-Chaulet, F., O. Gagliardini, H. Seddik, M. Nodet, G. Durand, C. Ritz, T. Zwinger, R. Greve and D.G. Vaughan, 2012. Greenland ice sheet contribution to sea-level rise from a new-generation ice-sheet model, The Cryosphere, 6, 1561-1576, doi:10.5194/tc-6-1561-2012. [link to paper]

Gudmundsson, G. H., J. Krug, G. Durand, L. Favier and O. Gagliardini, 2012. The stability of grounding lines on retrograde slopes, The Cryosphere, 6, 1497-1505, doi:10.5194/tc-6-1497-2012. [link to paper]

Adhikari, S. and S. J. Marshall, 2012. Parameterization of lateral drag in flowline models of glacier dynamicsJ. Glaciol., 58, 212, 1119-1132, doi:10.3189/2012JoG12J018. [link to paper]

Martín, C. and G. H. Gudmundsson, 2012. Effects of nonlinear rheology, temperature and anisotropy on the relationship between age and depth at ice divides, The Cryosphere, 6, 1221-1229, doi:10.5194/tc-6-1221-2012. [link to paper]

Adhikari, S. and S. J. Marshall, 2012. Glacier volume-area relation for high-order mechanics and transient glacier states, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L16505, doi:10.1029/2012GL052712.

Pattyn, F., C. Schoof, L. Perichon, R.C.A. Hindmarsh, E. Bueler, B. de Fleurian, G. Durand, O. Gagliardini, R. Gladstone, D. Goldberg, G.H. Gudmundsson, V. Lee, F.M. Nick, A.J. Payne, D. Pollard, O. Rybak, F. Saito and A. Vieli, 2012. Results of the Marine Ice Sheet Model Intercomparison Project, MISMIP, The Cryosphere, 6, 573-588, doi:10.5194/tc-6-573-2012. [link to paper]

Schäfer, M., T. Zwinger, P. Christoffersen, F. Gillet-Chaulet, K. Laakso, R. Pettersson, V. A. Pohjola, T. Strozzi, and J. C. Moore, 2012. Sensitivity of basal conditions in an inverse model: Vestfonna Ice-Cap, Nordaustlandet/Svalbard, The Cryosphere, 6, 771-783, doi:10.5194/tc-6-771-2012. [link to paper]

Seddik H., R. Greve, T. Zwinger, F. Gillet-Chaulet and O. Gagliardini, 2012. Simulations of the Greenland ice sheet 100 years into the future with the full Stokes model Elmer/Ice, J. Glaciol., 58(209), 427-440. [link to paper]

Favier L., O. Gagliardini, G. Durand,  and T. Zwinger, 2012. A three-dimensional full Stokes model of the grounding line dynamics: effect of a pinning point beneath the ice shelf, The Cryosphere, 6, 101-112, doi:10.5194/tc-6-101-2012. [link to paper]

Adhikari, S. and S.J. Marshall, 2012. Modelling dynamics of valley glaciers, In. Miidla, P. (ed.), Numerical Modelling, InTech, 115-142, ISBN 978-953-51-0219-9. [link to paper]

Cook S., T. Zwinger, I.C. Rutt, S. O’Neel and T. Murray, 2012. Testing the effect of water in crevasses on a physically-based calving model, Annals Glaciol. 53(60), doi: 10.3189/2012AoG60A107


Durand G., O. Gagliardini, L. Favier, T. Zwinger and E. le Meur, 2011. Impact of bedrock description on modeling ice sheet dynamic, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L20501, doi:10.1029/2011GL048892.

Jay-Allemand M., F. Gillet-Chaulet, O. Gagliardini and M. Nodet, 2011. Investigating changes in basal conditions of Variegated Glacier prior to and during its 1982–1983 surge, The Cryosphere, 5, p. 659-672, doi:10.5194/tc-5-659-2011. [link to paper]

Seddik H., R. Greve, T. Zwinger and L. Placidi, 2011. A full-Stokes ice flow model for the vicinity of Dome Fuji, Antarctica, with induced anisotropy and fabric evolution, The Cryosphere, 5, 495-508, doi:10.5194/tc-5-495-2011. [link to paper]

Gagliardini O., F. Gillet-Chaulet, G. Durand, C. Vincent and P. Duval, 2011. Estimating the risk of glacier cavity collapse during artificial drainage: the case of Tête Rousse Glacier, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L10505, doi:10.1029/2011GL047536.

Gillet-Chaulet, F. and R.C.A. Hindmarsh, 2011. Flow at ice-divide triple junctions: 1. Three-dimensional full-Stokes modeling, J. Geophys. Res., 116(F2), F02023, doi:10.1029/2009JF001611.

Gillet-Chaulet, F., R.C.A. Hindmarsh, H.F.J. Corr, E.C. King, and A. Jenkins, 2011. In-situ quantification of ice rheology and direct measurement of the Raymond Effect at Summit, Greenland using a phase-sensitive radar,  Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L24503, doi:10.1029/2011GL049843.

Adhikari, S. and S.J. Marshall, 2011. Improvements to shear-deformational models of glacier dynamics through a longitudinal stress factor, J. Glaciol., 57, 206, 1003-1016.


Gagliardini O., G. Durand, T. Zwinger, R. C. A. Hindmarsh and E. Le Meur, 2010. Coupling of ice-shelf melting and buttressing is a key process in ice-sheets dynamics, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L14501, doi:10.1029/2010GL043334.

Ma Y., O. Gagliardini, C. Ritz, F. Gillet-Chaulet, G. Durand and M. Montagnat, 2010. Enhancement factors for grounded ice and ice shelves inferred from an anisotropic ice-flow model, J. Glaciol., 56(199), 805-812.


Zwinger T. and J.C. Moore, 2009. Diagnostic and prognostic simulations with a full Stokes model accounting for superimposed ice of Midtre Lovénbreen, Svalbard, The Cryosphere, 3, 217-229, doi:10.5194/tc-3-217-2009 [link to paper]

Durand G., O. Gagliardini, T. Zwinger, E. Le Meur and R.C.A. Hindmarsh, 2009. Full Stokes modeling of marine ice sheets: influence of the grid size, Ann. Glaciol., 50(52), 109–114.

Moore P.L., N.R. Iverson and D. Cohen, 2009. Ice flow across a warm-based/cold-based transition at a glacier margin, Ann. Glaciol., 50(52), 1–8.

Durand G., O. Gagliardini, B. de Fleurian, T. Zwinger, and E. Le Meur, 2009. Marine ice sheet dynamics: Hysteresis and neutral equilibrium, J. Geophys. Res., 114, F03009, doi:10.1029/2008JF001170.


Pattyn F., L. Perichon, A. Aschwanden, B. Breuer, B. de Smedt, O. Gagliardini, G.H. Gudmundsson, R.C.A. Hindmarsh, A. Hubbard, J.V. Johnson, T. Kleiner, Y. Konovalov, C. Martin, A.J. Payne, D. Pollard, S. Price, M. Rückamp, F. Saito, F., O. Souček, S. Sugiyama and T. Zwinger, 2008. Benchmark experiments for higher-order and full-Stokes ice sheet models (ISMIP–HOM) The Cryosphere, 2, 95-108, ISSN 1994-0426. [link to paper]

Gagliardini O. and T. Zwinger, 2008. The ISMIP-HOM benchmark experiments performed using the Finite-Element code Elmer , The Cryosphere, 2, 67-76, ISSN 1994-0416. [link to paper]


Zwinger T., R. Greve, O. Gagliardini, T. Shiraiwa and M. Lyly, 2007. A full Stokes-flow thermo-mechanical model for firn and ice applied to the Gorshkov crater glacier, Kamchatka, Annals of Glaciology, 45, 29-37. [link to paper]

Gagliardini, O., D. Cohen, P. Råback and T. Zwinger, 2007. Finite-element modeling of subglacial cavities and related friction law , J. Geophys. Res., 112, F0227, doi:10.1029/2006JF000576.

Durand G., F. Gillet-Chaulet, A. Svensson, O. Gagliardini, S. Kipfstuhl, J. Meyssonnier, F. Parrenin, P. Duval and D. Dahl-Jensen, 2007. Change of the ice rheology with climatic transitions – implication on ice flow modelling and dating of the EPICA Dome C core, Clim. Past., 3, 155-167.


Gillet-Chaulet F., O. Gagliardini, J. Meyssonnier, T. Zwinger, J. Ruokolainen, 2006. Flow-induced anisotropy in polar ice and related ice-sheet flow modelling, J. Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech. 134, p. 33-43.


 Le Meur E., O. Gagliardini, T. Zwinger, J. Ruokolainen, 2004. Glacier flow modelling: a comparison of the Shallow Ice Approximation and the full-Stokes equation, C. R. Physique 5, 709-722. [link to paper]

Elmer / Ice project © 2012 -- Conception : iGrafic